International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples 2021: Here’s everything you need to know, World News

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The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is celebrated on August 9 every year to protect the rights of the indigenous population. On this occasion, various world leaders took their official Twitter account in order to raise awareness among citizens.

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In April 2000, the Human Rights Commission adopted a resolution to establish the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, which was presented by the Economic and Social Council.
The forum focused and discussed issues related to education, culture, economic and social development, environment, health, human rights, among other areas.
Their main objective was mainly to strengthen international cooperation to solve the problems faced by the world’s indigenous population.

According to a United Nations estimate, there are more than 476 million indigenous people in the world, spread across 90 countries and representing 5,000 different cultures, who represent 6.2% of the world’s population and live in all geographic regions.
Many of them reside in India.
The central tribal belt which includes the northeastern states of India claims to have the maximum concentration of indigenous population. Here are a few of them.

Large Andamanese tribes
This group occupies parts of Strait Island and parts of Rutland Island. It consists of Onge, Jarawa, Jangil and Sentinelese, who are the first inhabitants of the island and paint their face, body with clay. These tribes sing while they work and enjoy communicating with large colorful pigeons in the forest.

Gond tribes
Mainly spotted in the mountainous Bastar regions of southern Chhattisgarh, there are three significant Gond tribes: Muria, the Bisonhorn Maria, and the Hill Maria.
Raj Gond is known to be the most developed of the Gond tribes.

Bhils
Until 2013, the Bhils were the largest tribal group in India, known to have a rich and distinctive culture. It is an Indo-Aryan speaking ethnic group from Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra; the western region of the Deccan.

Theme

The theme of the 2021 commemoration of the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is “Leaving No One Behind: Indigenous Peoples and the Call for a New Social Contract”.
The event will include an interactive session with two speakers.
In addition, the discussion will focus on the distinct elements that should be taken into account when building and overhauling a new social contract that includes indigenous peoples.



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